Figure 2 (below) shows the number and percentage of non-governmental schools funded under the various regulations described above. The report of the Interim Committee for the Australian Schools Commission, chaired by Professor Peter Karmel, marked a turning point in the funding of school education.  The committee was established in December 1972 by the Whitlam Labor Government to study the needs of schools and discuss school funding. The Committee`s recommendations call for needs-based funding to ensure that all schools meet acceptable minimum standards.  The Education Legislation Amendment Act of 2008 amended the Targeted Assistance Act 2000 and ended funding for six Aboriginal education programs. Funding for public schools as a component of these programs is transferred to new public school funding schemes. The increase in the number of students in non-governmental schools compared to public schools is a key factor in the shift in the share of funding between the two school sectors. Another factor is the increase in resources allocated to non-governmental schools under the SES system (nearly half of non-governmental schools are funded at a higher rate than the per-pupil education rate for their assessment of students). From 1999 to 2013/2014, Australian government funding for schools will actually increase by an estimated 181.0%, from an estimated $4.8 billion in 1999/00 to an estimated $13.5 billion in 2013/14. Real (2011-12 dollars), funding is expected to increase by 74.0 per cent, from $7.5 billion to an estimated $13.0 billion.
Chart 1. Australian State Fund for Education as of January 1, 2013 Chart 2. Funding status for non-governmental schools as of January 1, 2012 may only be paid to non-governmental school authorities when an authority has signed an agreement with the Australian government. The agreements provide for the conditions that an educational authority must meet in order to obtain funding. Conditions include obligations for education and financial performance and accountability. The data for Table 3 come from the synthesis of expenditure (in all portfolios) by function (education) and sub-function (schools) in Budget Document 1 and the final result of the budget. The «schools» sub-function includes funding from SPP National Schools, which accounts for the bulk of Australian government funding for schools. 1964: Introduction of capital funding for schools in 1970: recurrent student funding began in 1973: interim committee report for the Australian Schools Commission . You will find a summary of the recommendations and initial responses of the Gonski review in the final report: M Harrington, «Brave new world»? The Gonski Review of Funding for Schooling`, FlagPost weblog, 23 February 2012, watched 21 January 2013, parliamentflagpost.blogspot.com.au/2012/02/brave-new-world-gonski-review-of.html and Mr.
Harrington, «More Funding for All Schools – An Update on Gonski,» FlagPost weblog, August 23, 2012, January 21, 2013, parliamentflagpost.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/more-funding-for-all-schoolsan-update.html AGSRC`s real amount growth rates, particularly for the ACRA`s primary amount, also declined significantly between 2011 and 2012.