The experts were drawn from ten disciplines or agencies (including audiology, charities, child psychiatry, education, paediatrics, psychiatry and psychology, with a dominance of SLP/SLT clinicians and/or researchers) from the six MRA signatories, Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States. Their goal in phase one, the first round (Bishop, Snowling, Thompson, Greenhalgh and CONSORTIUM CATALISE, 2016) was to work on agreed-upon identification criteria for children with language disorders who could benefit from specialized services. In the second round, an agreement was reached, which resulted in a declaration of consensus, a summary of the relevant evidence and a commentary on the discrepancies and shortcomings of the evidence base (Bishop, et al., 2016). SECONDARY VALUES. Queens and valets, also called gentle values, unlike aces and kings, which are primary or «hard» values. Additional sources for contract bridge terminology: OFFENSE. The attack. A game or offensive imperative is a different line of attack than a game or a defensive imperative. This should not be confused with isolated players or defenders, as both must take offensive or defensive positions with certain stock of suits. Also a violation of the law (laws). SWEET VALUES. Queens and boys who play no role in the game, unlike the «hard values», i.e.
aces and kings. Australian, British, Canadian, Irish and New Zealand researchers can and do «CAS» in their publications, and clinicians can use it in all facets of the practice, in part because there are no potential adverse effects on clients if they do (and also because they want to support the cause of consistent terminology across national borders), but it is not the opposite. You simply won`t find any American clinicians or academics who use a «DVD» with a single smattering of them with «DLD» at that time. Fortunately, this does not mean that there are no signs of change. For example, it is encouraging to see @ASHAjournals and @SIGperspectives tweeting the hashtag #DevLangDis, and @s_redmondUofU, @mcgregor_karla, @Shar_SLP, @SlpSummer, @kimberlyslp, @hstorkel, @ecoleSLP, @lfinestack, @TELLlab @9wyneth, @kush_stephanie, @staceypalant and other ASHA members with #DevLangDis or #DLD123 on their bios. Doctors in private practice in the United States are between a rock and a difficult place to decide whether they stay with SLI or convert to DLD as their preferred diagnostic term. They want to serve their customers responsibly, efficiently and ethically and, as part of this process, they will want to ensure that they check all the boxes so that their customers (or their parents) receive clear invoices and a timely refund. You may also believe that «terminology is important for more than insurance coding.
It is also important for self-reporting to argue for greater research funding and to identify reliable treatments/approaches to solving problems posed by the disorder» (Sean Redmond, language section editor, JSLHR, personal correspondence, November 7, 2017). The «Deliberative Tool» developed by RAND in the 1950s, called the Delphi method, is a forecasting technique in which a selected group of experts anonymously responds anonymously, in writing, to two or more rounds of carefully crafted questionnaires. After each round, the panel participants` contributions are aggregated by moderators (or moderators) and then released for the entire group.