Countries Readmission Agreements

Bilateral agreements may be concluded with countries with which the Commission does not negotiate a readmission agreement at EU level. In addition to the EU agreements, Finland has concluded bilateral readmission agreements with the following countries: in addition, the Council of the European Union has authorised the Commission to negotiate readmission agreements with the following countries: under the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, the European Union may conclude agreements with third countries for the readmission of third-country nationals residing in their country of origin or of origin. As these EU readmission agreements cover all Member States, no separate bilateral agreement is necessary. The auditors today published an audit review on migrant return policy – cooperation with third countries on readmission.» Audit previews provide information about an ongoing audit task and are designed as a source of information for those interested in the policy or programs being reviewed. The full audit overview is available in eca.europa.eu English. The report is expected to be released in the summer of 2021. Less than 40% of irregular migrants sentenced to be expelled from the EU actually return to their country of origin or to a third country. The European Court of Auditors (CE) has just launched an audit on eu cooperation with third countries on the readmission of irregular migrants. The auditors will examine whether the measures taken by the European Commission after 2015 have improved cooperation with priority third countries. At the end of 2010, the common rules adopted by EU Member States in 2008 on return (the Return Directive entered into force). They provide for clear, transparent and fair common rules for the repatriation and removal of irregular migrants, the application of coercive measures, detention and return with full respect for the human rights and fundamental freedoms of the persons concerned. The Directive has been transposed into national law by all related states (all EU Member States except Great Britain and Ireland, plus the four Schengen associated countries of Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein). There are also other agreements and memoranda of understanding on readmission.

Member States can develop a more detailed bilateral implementing protocol under EU readmission agreements. Finland only concluded such a protocol with Russia in 2013. There are two types of readmission agreements: EU readmission agreements and bilateral readmission agreements. Since 2008, an average of half a million foreigners have been ordered to leave the EU each year because they have entered or are staying illegally. However, only 38% return to their country of origin or to the country of origin from where they travelled to the EU. .