The Massandra Accords prepared the conditions for a fruitful trilateral discussion. When the United States negotiated between Russia and Ukraine, the three countries signed the trilateral declaration of January 14, 1994. Ukraine is committed to total disarmament, including strategic weapons, in exchange for economic support and security guarantees from the United States and Russia. Ukraine agreed to transfer its nuclear warheads to Russia and agreed to help the United States dismantle missiles, bombers and nuclear infrastructure. Ukraine`s warheads would be mined in Russia and Ukraine would receive compensation for the commercial value of highly enriched uranium. Ukraine ratified the START Treaty in February 1994 and cancelled its previous conditions, but it would not accede to the NPT without additional security guarantees. «I would like to thank the arms control association. so that they may be equally effective supporters of a reasonable policy to stem the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and, above all, to reduce the risk of nuclear war. Scientists then believed that Ukraine`s decision to sign the Budapest Memorandum was proof of Ukraine`s development as a democracy and its desire to move away from the post-Soviet world that it took the first steps towards a European future. For 20 years, the Ukrainian case of nuclear disarmament was an exemplary case of nuclear non-proliferation until the Ukrainian crisis.  The events of August 1991 radically changed the context in which Ukraine had to decide its nuclear future. The failed august 19 putsch, attempted by conservative Soviet military and security apparatchiks, showed the vulnerability of Ukraine, a self-proclaimed sovereign state where only the Republican police protect it from the Soviet military giant. On August 24, the Rada adopted the declaration of independence that marked the birth of the Ukrainian state.
More than anything, the document, through its introductory words, gave a deep sense of insecurity: «Starting from the mortal danger that Ukraine took during the coup in the USSR.»  However, in September 1993, a Rud-Ukrainian agreement on nuclear issues broke down. Washington decided to get involved more directly, fearing that a solution would not be possible otherwise, which would lead to the «trilateral process.» The fall talks made U.S. negotiators believe in mid-December that the parties to a solution were ready. It turned out that the hope that nuclear weapons would trigger Ukraine`s international recognition could not have been further from reality. The United States has expressly stated that it opposes any possibility of independent control of nuclear weapons by non-Russian republics. . . .